Timbuctoo, New Jersey

Settled by former slaves and free African Americans beginning in 1826



What is Timbuctoo?

Timbuctoo is an unincorporated community in Westampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, according to the US Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System.  Deed records in the Burlington County Clerk’s Office indicate the first land purchases by African Americans in the area now known as Timbuctoo occurred in 1826. Early Timbuctoo residents included former slaves and free persons.  New Jersey abolished slavery by gradual manumission in 1804....>>

Educational Resources

New Jersey: A State Divided on Freedom

Did you know that 2/3 of African Americans living in Southern New Jersey were free as early as 1790?  Read this compelling narrative by Guy Weston from the 2017 edition of AAHGS Journal. 

The Battle of Pine Swamp

This fascinating account of a failed attempt to capture an escaped slave was transcribed from the December 6, 1860 edition of the New Jersey Mirror.

Finding Free African Americans

Case study from descendants of early Timbuctoo settlers.

My Timbuctoo

Timbuctoo Day 2016

Early Map of Timbuctoo