Timbuctoo, New Jersey

Settled by former slaves and free African Americans beginning in 1826


US Colored Troops marching through Timbuctoo Cemetery

What is Timbuctoo?

Timbuctoo is an unincorporated community in Westampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, according to the US Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System.  Deed records in the Burlington County Clerk’s Office indicate the first land purchases by African Americans in the area now known as Timbuctoo occurred in 1826. Early Timbuctoo residents included former slaves and free persons.  New Jersey abolished slavery by gradual manumission in 1804....>>

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Educational Resources

New Jersey: A State Divided on Freedom


Did you know that 2/3 of African Americans living in Southern New Jersey were free as early as 1790?  Read this compelling narrative by Guy Weston from the 2017 edition of AAHGS Journal. 


Read about Timbuctoo in a 19th century newspaper!

News about Timbuctoo from the 1800s

Learn fascinating details about Timbuctoo as they were written during its heyday. 

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Finding Free African Americans


Case study from descendants of early Timbuctoo settlers.

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Regional Variations in the Manumission of Slaves in NJ


Slavery in New Jersey was abolished by gradual manumission in 1804, but the northern counties were much slower to implement changes.  See details here.

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Timbuctoo Cemetery: Who's really buried there?

Timbuctoo Cemetery

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Early Map of Timbuctoo

Timbuctoo Map includes Timbuctoo  Cemetery

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